10 FOODS FOR YOUR 1 YEAR OLD CHILD
At 6 months, your child would be eating soft, mashed food. By the time she is a year old, she is ready to sample and eat food with rougher textures. Here is a list of top 10 foods for your 1 year old child which you can feed without any doubt.
These are roughly the foods that make for a balanced diet: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. If your child takes a mix of various kinds of foods from these groups during the space of a day or even during the week, her requirements of different types of nutrients will be adequately met.
1. Milk and milk products
These are important sources of energy, proteins, calcium and vitamin A. A child must take about half a liter of milk or milk products per day from the age of one year onwards. A child below five years should be given whole milk and not skimmed or semi-skimmed milk. You can give your child either buffalo or cow’s milk, depending on what suits her best. If your child fusses about drinking milk, you can serve it in different forms such as milk-shakes, yoghurt, ice-cream, milk pudding.
2. Chapatti / Roti
You can start giving her small chapattis made out of whole wheat grain.
3. Brown / Unpolished Rice
Sometimes you can serve up cooked unpolished rice along with mashed rajma or curd.
4.Lentils, peas, beans, eggs, fish, poultry, meats and nuts
These are important proteins needed for your child’s growth and tissue repair. Make sure that you always supervise your child when he/she is eating nuts and small foods.
Fats should be given in moderation. If your child is a small eater, then you can cook her food in vegetable oil, ghee ( both desi and vanaspati).
You can also give her butter, margarine and cream. These make up most of the fats in the diet.
Fats are important sources of energy as well as Vitamins A,D, E and K.
These can be used to improve the energy density of a small eater. Whole milk products, eggs, meat and fish are also good sources of fat.
Snacks like chips or fried foods should be discouraged between meals.
Instead offer your toddler fresh fruit in the form of a fruit chaat, instead of sweets, cakes and chocolates.
If she insists on sweet snacks, it would be better to give her home-cooked preparations like rice milk pudding (kheer, soojihalwa etc.).
7. Finger foods
A one-year old with a biscuit in her hand nibbles and nibbles ever so slowly. Her mouth, especially her teeth gets coated with the sweet particle which is not safe. Sugary treats like sweets, chocolates, cakes and biscuits lead to tooth decay because of the length of time they remain in the child’s mouth.
Give your child small pieces of rusk, sticks of carrot, pieces of apple. The practice of chewing on these help to toughen the teeth.
Mosambi, malta, lemon and other citrus fruit can be given in moderation.
Red, orange and yellow colored fruits can also be given in moderation; fruits like mango, papaya, peaches and apricot are very good.
Tomatoes, carrots, spinach, cabbage and broccoli have a lot of vitamins.
Drinking a lot of fluids especially water hydrates and cleanses the body.
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