The ages of 2+ are very exciting times for parents as children are starting to learn more and more about the world around them. They begin to read, write, count and increase their vocabulary enough to construct complex sentences.
It is important to give your child the right kind environment or play that is stimulating enough to make him learn. Children have a lot of energy and are very mobile at this age which is why making interesting games to help teach your child is the easiest and most fun way for him to learn.
Here are some activities to build cognitive development that you can try out with your pre-schooler:
Activity no. 1
What is needed:
- Blocks or Legos
- A marker
To help your pre-schoolers improve their counting skills
Take some blocks and with a marker write a sequential order of numbers on each one. Your child can vertically stack together the blocks in the correct number sequence, or measure things like books(by stacking the blocks) and generally learn his numbers in a fun way.
Activity no. 2:
What is needed:
- A tray
- Food colouring
Learning how to write the alphabet by incorporating ‘sensory play’
Sensory play is something that many child psychologists are advocating. By using various mediums, sensory play piques the childs interest and increases learning by adopting the senses as part of learning.
Pour the salt into a zip-lock bag and add a few drops of food colouring and essence, secure the bag and shake it until the colour mixes evenly( If you find that the salt has become lumpy or too moist then pour it out on a plate and let it dry in the sun a couple of hours). Pour the coloured salt into a tray.
Now to help your child learn his alphabets make him practice the shapes in the tray by using his finger to make the pattern in the coloured salt. He can also draw or make random patterns if he wants to.
Other activities that help improve your pre-schoolers general cognitive abilities are:
- For older children, you can play story games where each of you say one sentence and make a story together.
- Exercise your child’s imagination and increase divergent thinking by asking “what if” questions such as “what if the wheels of the car were square and not round?”
- Reading bed time stories to your child will help them develop an interest later in books and reading. For example the ‘Little Miss’ or ‘Little Mr’ series is something many children at this age enjoy.