Newborn to 2 months:
During this phase, the following areas of the baby’s brain start to develop:
Why does a baby cry? Ther are several reasons behind this. Here are a few:
- Your baby could be hungry.
- He/she is probably tired.
- He/she is feeling too hot or too cold.
- Your baby is missing your touch and wants to be held and cuddled.
- He/she needs a nappy change.
- Your baby may be sick.
- Diaper rash.
- He/she is getting disturbed
So what do you do to calm your baby? Here are a few tips and suggestions:
- Try feeding.
- Hold him/her in your arms and sing a soothing lullaby. Your voice can do wonders to your baby.
- Check for dirty diaper/diaper rash.
- Check for a fever or any infection.
- It could be possible that your baby is having a mild stomachache. Try a gentle tummy rub.
- Download a white-noise app for your phone. This app mimics the sound in the uterus and has a calming effect on babies
- Rock your baby gently.
- A warm bath helps. Make sure that you check the water temperature before the bath.
Keep in mind, crying won’t hurt your baby. It’s a phase that he/she will gradually overcome. Do not panic when your baby cries. Taking care of a newborn is a tough job. If you have tried everything and your baby is still upset, call a friend or relative for help. Take a break. Allow someone else to take over. This will help both you and your baby.
The sense of touch is one of the first senses to develop in babies. In fact, studies have shown that the fetus starts to develop feeling at around seven weeks. A gentle massage or cuddle can help strengthen the bond you share with your baby. It also helps relax your little one. Placing your baby skin to skin against you is another way that helps increase your bond.
- The first feed is very vital for your baby. It helps stabilize your baby’s blood sugar.
- A typical newborn will require anywhere between 10-45 minutes.
- Feeding is also good for the mother and helps relax her body and mind.
- Mother’s milk is a good source of antibodies which is important for the newborn to develop a stronger immune system.
When babies are born, they are born with limited vision. Amongst all the senses, a newborn’s vision is the least mature. Up to about 180 days i.e 3 months of age, their eyes can focus on objects that are only about 8-10inches from their face.
- During the first 2 months, hand-to-eye co-ordination starts to develop. That is, the baby will start tracking moving objects.
- Your baby will also probably start to focus the mothers face during feeding.
What can you do?
- Hold your baby at about 8-10 inches away from your face and talk to him/her.
- It is normal for an infant to look out of the corner of his/her eyes. This is because generally, before 3 months of age, infants can see best out of the corner of their eyes.
- You can move your fingers, head or brightly coloured toys slowly from side to side so that the baby can follow the movement.
- Sometimes, the baby may need to take breaks. They do so by looking away. Be quiet during this time.
A newborns sense of hearing is quite strong. They can hear a variety of sounds. In fact, they can even hear their mother’s voice even before they are born.
Within a few weeks, babies start to respond to loud noises. They do so by exhibiting different facial expressions such as frowning, a small cry, blinking, waking up from sleep etc.
Your baby will slowly start to respond to your voice by looking at you.
Importance of monitoring your baby’s sense of hearing:
A baby’s sense of hearing plays an extremely vital role in his/her ability to learn.
It is extremely important to get a hearing screening done for your little one immediately after birth. Here are some signs that you may notice in case your baby is suffering from hearing loss/ impairment. Do contact a doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:
- Your baby is not responding to loud noises
- Does not stir while sleeping or wake up to noise
- Does not make vowel sounds like “oohhh” by the age of 2 months
- Is not soothed/calmed by familiar and soft voices
Baby Brain Development Stage 2-6 months
Baby Brain Development Stage 6-12 months
Toddler Brain Development Stage 12-18 months
Toddler Brain Development Stage 18-24 months