During this phase, the following areas of the baby’s brain start to develop:
- A baby’s hand, arm and leg movements develop rapidly during the first few months.
- You will notice that your baby will start to continuously stare at his/her hands and fingers.
- During the first few months, they will start to observe their fingers and palms and by the fourth or fifth month, they should be able to gently grip on to nearby things. Encourage this movement by placing light weight toys like finger puppets near their hands. You can see that their motor skills will start to develop.
- The infants attempt to bring his/her fingers to the mouth with be persistent. Many times, these attempts may fail or even if they do succeed, the fingers may slip away quickly. However, by the age of 4 months, your baby should have mastered this movement and will be able to bring a particular finger like the thumb or index finger to his/her mouth and keep it there.
- Your baby’s legs will also become stronger and more active. You will notice that your baby will start to straighten his/her legs and kick more. You will also see the stepping reflex when your baby is about two months old.
- Allow your baby to get a good amount of floor time. This will help him/her to learn to crawl.
- DO NOT USE BABY WALKERS.
|3-4 months||4-5 months||5-6 months|
|Able to hold objects for brief periods.||Rolls over from front to back.||Able to support own weight.|
|Reaches out to dangling objects.||Able to support own weight.||Reaches out and grabs hair, spectacles etc., when carried|
|Begins to discover hands and fingers.||Reaches out and plays with toes while lying on back.|
|Brings toys and objects to his/her mouth.|
- Even at such an early age, it is very essential to help your child explore various materials.
- Allow your baby to touch, feel and explore different objects.
- For instance, allow them to hold their towel after a bath, place a soft ball in his/her hand, make the baby touch his/her cheek then touch your cheek, make them feel their clothes, blanket, foam toys, fur toys etc.
- By the time a baby is almost 4 months old / end of 3 months, he/she will begin ‘cooing’.
- You will notice that your baby will begin to babble a lot more especially when he/she is in a happy and playful mood.
- If you listen closely, you will also be able to differentiate a baby’s cry i.e., you can differentiate a hunger cry from a sleepy cry or a cry due to pain etc.
|Different cries/sounds for different moods||Cooing and vowel sounds||Increased cooing and more vowel sounds||Increased cooing and more vowel sounds|
- At this age, a baby’s colour vision may not be as sensitive as an adult’s.
- However, by the age of 5 months, a baby may develop good colour vision.
- Another development that takes place around the fifth month is that of depth perception. The baby’s eyes at this stage, start to work together and form a 3 dimensional view of the world around and begin to understand depth.
- Your baby will be able to track moving objects and even spot very small items.
- At this age, your baby will listen to what you are talking, watch your face, turn towards other voices, noises, music etc.
- Most babies prefer to listen to a female voice over a male voice.
- At around 4 months of age, your baby will start to look around and search for the source of particular sounds.
- Gradually, by the age of 6 months, he/she will attempt to listen and imitate sounds.
Baby Brain Development Stage 0-2 months
Baby Brain Development Stage 6-12 months
Toddler Brain Development Stage 12-18 months
Toddler Brain Development Stage 18-24 months
How to improve your child’s thinking skills