During this phase, the following areas of the baby’s brain start to develop:
1. Cognition and Learning
4. Social Emotional
1.COGNITION AND LEARNING
- Just as how a scientist conducts experiments and observes the unknown, an infant tests objects.
- At this age, infants observe using their senses i.e the touch, feel, taste etc.
- They learn how things work by throwing, pushing, dropping and observing the cause and effect relationship.
- Around the age of 8-12 months, babies start to understand the concept of ‘Object Permanence’. That is, they begin to understand that even if an object is hidden/out of sight, it is still around. For example, if you cover your child’s toy with a blanket or a towel, he/she will lift the blanket/towel to find the toy. This is a cognitive skill particular to this age which cannot be observed in younger babies.
- When a baby is almost 12months old, he/she will understand that each object has a separate and specific function. For example, if you give a spoon to a 6 month old baby, the baby will just hold and play with it or put it in the mouth. A 9 month old baby will throw the spoon on the floor. However, a 12 month old baby will attempt to eat with it.
- Start teaching your child words like “eyes”, “nose” etc. Point on their face and teach them.
- Gross motor development starts to take place during this stage.
Motor skill milestones 6 to 12 months
|Sit||Crawl||Hold and walk||Begin to walk|
- The above milestones are just an approximate. Do not rush your baby’s motor development. Some babies may reach the milestones fast while others take some extra time.
- Provide your baby with several opportunities throughout the day so that he/she can move around. This small exercise will help strengthen the child’s limbs and trunk muscles which are very vital to develop gross motor skills.
- Time and again, walkers have been proven to be dangerous for babies. Do not use walkers.
- Language development during 6 to 12 months in a baby can be roughly divided into language development between 6 to 9 months.
How to help your baby improve his/her language?
- Talk to your baby in short but complete sentences and use a lot of gestures. For example, when your baby finishes eating, rather than saying “Good boy/ Good girl”, say “Good boy/girl. You finished your food”. Show the empty bowl to your baby, clap and encourage your child to clap as well.
- Sing songs or nursery rhymes daily.
- Read a lot of age appropriate books to your baby.
- Be consistent with the words you use.
- Play peek-a-boo with simple objects and teach the names of those objects.
- Keep background noise to a minimum so that the baby can focus on one task at a time.
- Of all the forms of stimulation, social interaction is the most important.
- During the age of 6 to 12 months, a baby’s social and emotional development is very essential since it helps to build trust and emotional security.
- At this age, your baby will love to watch you and stay near you.
- He/she will start to recognize people.
- At this age, a baby may develop separation anxiety when you leave him/her with another care taker. Stay calm during this period. Don’t say too many good-byes. Once you leave him/her, don’t go back until it’s time for pick up.
- Allow your child to play with a mirror. He/she will find this extremely fascinating.
- Expose your baby to various social situations. Take him/her to the grocery store, a zoo, a park, play-dates etc. Let your child observe and bond with people and other little kids more often.
Baby Brain Development Stage 0-2 months
Baby Brain Development Stage 2-6 months
Toddler Brain Development Stage 12-18 months
Toddler Brain Development Stage 18-24 months
How to improve your child’s thinking skills