HOW TO PLAN YOUR BABY’S MEALS
How to plan your baby’s diet? Tired of asking this questing to every experienced mom? Here is the answer to this question has finally arrived.A balanced diet is one that suits your growing child’s needs. From the time you begin to wean him, you should work towards establishing a diet that provides the five essential nutrients: Carbohydrates, vitamins, fats, minerals and proteins. Children under 5 need a lot of fat and concentrated sources of calories and nutrients to fuel their rapid growth during the early years.
Cow’s milk can be introduced as a drink from one year. The under 5 s should drink at least 400 ml per day.
Babies get easily dehydrated so it is essential to maintain their fluid intake. Encourage your child to drink water from an early age. Filtered or boiled water needs to be given. Mineral water contains a higher level of sodium than is recommended for babies.
Up to the age of 1, children should derive 50% of their energy from fat. Children between the ages of 2 and 5 should get up to 35% of their total energy from fat.
Sources of fat:
meat, butter, eggs, ghee, dalda, processed foods like biscuits and cakes.
olive oil, sunflower oil, groundnut oil, oily fish.
Protein rich foods should not be the major part of a baby’s meal as a high-protein can put a strain on immature kidneys.
Chicken, eggs, milk, cheese, paneer, grains, pulses and seeds.
There are 2 types of carbohydrates—simple and complex.
Complex carbohydrates are energy rich foods that retain their vitamins, minerals and fiber and are therefore more useful to the body. This form of carbohydrate should make up 60 % of your child’s diet.
sugar, white flour products, some breakfast cereals, most manufactured biscuits, cakes and pastry.
whole grain breakfast cereals like dalia ( broken wheat), aata , brown rice, potatoes.
Water soluble vitamins are destroyed by heat- so they should not be over- cooked. Fat soluble vitamins are stored in the body so babies should not be given these in large doses. All children should take supplements of Vitamins A, C and D.
Essential minerals are Calcium found in milk, cheese and dahi. Zinc is found in peanuts, sunflower seeds, and fortified breakfast cereals. Iron is found in oily fish, dals, bread, green leafy vegetables.
|7 am||1 glass milk with Boost added.|
|8 am||2 idlys,with chutney ( coconut or groundnut ) and sambhar. Water should be given as a drink.|
|10 am||Any fruit|
|12 noon||Lunch. I katori dal, a serving of rice, a dry vegetable( cooked) , salad and curd.|
|4 pm||Juice and cookie.|
|6pm||A savory snack with water to drink.|
|7pm||Dinner. Pulka with a dry cooked vegetable and dal.|
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